Tubectomy has become increasingly prevalent over the years. And this typical form of contraception is widely practised in India. This procedure is popularly known as Tubal Ligation or tubal sterilisation. The typical surgical procedure is carried out only to seal or sever your body’s fallopian tubes permanently.
The surgery typically aims to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg only to fertilise it. As this is a permanent method of sterilisation, there is no going back. So, before you undergo tubectomy, please ensure that you’re confident and willing to. However, the highly skilled and professional surgeons of Apollo Hospitals use state-of-the-art facilities while performing this surgery.
Tubectomy: What is it?
Tubectomy, commonly known as tubal sterilisation, is a method of permanent contraception in women. This surgical procedure typically blocks the fallopian tubes, thus preventing the eggs released by the ovary from reaching the uterus. Also, it incessantly prevents the sperm from reaching the eggs to fertilise them right after intercourse.
Tubectomy: What are the Different Methods of Sterilisation?
Usually, tubectomy is performed under laparoscopic methods. This is because it leaves minimum scarring and enables patients to leave the hospital on the same day. However, there are numerous types of approaches for conducting tubectomy. They include:
This procedure of tubal sterilisation is typically performed while C-section is carried out.
This is a minimally invasive technique that is conducted for the diagnosis or treatment of several diseases, especially in the pelvic region.
It is a tubal ligation technique that is quite similar to laparotomy. However, this procedure is less invasive than that of a standard laparotomy.
- Micro Laparoscopy
This procedure is just the same as laparoscopy, but the instruments used are significantly smaller.
It is typically a vaginal approach to conducting diagnosis or treatment, specifically in and around the pelvic organs.
You should take note that through tubectomy, the fallopian tubes are sealed in any of the two ways:
- Electrocoagulation uses an electric current that deliberately makes the fallopian tubes clot.
- A clip or a band is typically placed over the fallopian tubes. In some cases, a device is used to separate the tubes from the ovaries and the uterus. Further, the tubes are permanently removed.
Tubectomy: What are the Necessary Precautions and Post Operative Care?
Usually, patients are sent back home the same day after a tubectomy is performed. However, patients can expect some side effects that tend to ease within a few days. Some of the most common side-effects include:
- Constant drowsiness and fatigue.
- Feeling pain and nausea for at least 4 to 8 hours after undergoing tubectomy.
- Significant abdominal discomfort and cramps for a few days.
This is why it is crucial to have frequent check-ups with the surgeon until the recovery procedure is entirely complete. Here are a few post-procedural guidelines that patients must adhere to right after they are discharged:
- Avoid engaging in sexual intercourse for at least a week after surgery.
- You must not engage in any strenuous activities or exercises for a week.
- It would be best if you continued consuming pain relievers until the discomfort of the sutures has wholly disappeared.
You should remember that patients can typically resume their regular routine just within a few days post-surgery. But you should consult with healthcare experts before starting strenuous activities.
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