A woman can donate her eggs or female gametes during the egg donation process to aid a couple in beginning a family. Many couples turn to egg donation due to poor quality of eggs, advanced maternal age, physical and mental health issues, or certain personal reasons.
What Are the Criteria for the Egg Donation Process?
The woman who wants to donate her eggs should be physically and mentally healthy. She has to undergo several psychological and physical screening tests to ensure her well-being, and her age should be between 21 and 30.
How Does the Procedure for Egg Donation Work?
- After passing all the important tests, an egg donor gets a hormonal injection. This injection helps her to release and mature more eggs. It is an important part of the egg donation process that prepares the egg donor for the egg retrieval procedure.
- A fertility specialist administers anesthesia to the egg donor and extracts eggs from mature follicles.
- Fertilization of the egg and sperm comes next. In a lab setting, both male and female gametes are fertilized, and this process is known as IVF or in vitro fertilization.
- Inserting the fertilized egg or embryo inside the recipient mother’s uterus completes this first stage of the egg donation process.
A recipient mother can be a female parent, a surrogate mother, or an egg donor. It happens in one of two ways: either the egg donor and recipient cycles are synchronized, or the recipient receives the frozen embryo. The uterine lining receives this embryo, which develops into a healthy baby.
Risks Associated With the Egg Donation Process:
- Discomfort during the egg retrieval process
An egg donor may experience mild discomfort after the egg retrieval process. These include infection and bleeding for a minimal period, and they can be treated with medication.
Ultrasound procedures and anesthesia administration can cause inconvenience during or after the procedure.
- Psychological Discomfort
Although egg donation leads to lots of courage, some women experience psychological distress when subjected to certain procedures like injecting hormones and egg retrieval.
- Hormonal disbalance
As hormones are artificially injected during the egg donation process, this causes hormonal imbalance and physical changes like weight gain, vomiting, and other symptoms. However, these symptoms have a minimum duration.
- The Influence of Fertility Drugs
Fertility drugs are sometimes administered to egg donors to increase egg release. Weight gain, mood swings, allergies, headaches, stomach aches, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and other hormonal disorders are possible side effects. In extremely rare cases, fertility drugs can also lead to lung and kidney failure.
- Irreversible physical changes
Fertility medications stimulate the donor’s ovary, which results in swelling in the ovary. It can be painful and uncomfortable. Unproportionate ovary development and weight gain.
- Post-procedural complication
Egg retrieval calls for a quick procedure that may result in bleeding, infection, or blood clot formation. To fully recover, egg donors must take at least two days of rest and prescribed medicines.
- Mental stress
Making an egg donor aware of the full process of egg donation and the risks involved is essential. She must be emotionally and mentally ready for the procedure. To prevent developing a physical attachment to the child, she must be fully aware of all the rules and regulations governing the procedure.
A woman should consider all the factors mentioned above before donating her eggs. Both egg donors and intended parents receive all the instructions from Rite Options regarding the egg donation procedure.