If you are suffering from pain underneath your heel, it is ideal for checking it out. One primary reason for pain in the heel area is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, which may be exacerbated if not adequately treated on time. Based on the reason and extent of the plantar fascia inflammation, you can get relief with nonsurgical treatments. In some cases, if the condition is aggravated, you may consider surgical treatment. This article will discuss plantar fasciitis, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Plantar fasciitis explained by Selin Sakarcan
- The general symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain at the bottom of the heel, as discussed above. The plantar fascia is a thick ligament that is in a web-like formation. This fascia connects your heel to the front of the foot. Plantar fascia takes the role of a shock absorber to the foot’s arch and helps you walk quickly. Plantar fasciitis is a prevalent orthopedics condition. Selin Sakarcan points out a significant reason for plantar fasciitis: over time, the plantar fascia may suffer a lot of wear and tear. The extra pressure on your feet can also cause damage to the ligaments in this region. Due to all these, the plantar fascia gets inflamed, and this inflammation will cause stiffness and heel pain.
- The root cause of plantar fasciitis is still not clear. The latest study done in 2003 suggests that this condition involves degeneration of the tendons than inflammation of the facia. As fasciitis has the medical meaning of “fascial inflammation,” the apt name for this condition is plantar fasciosis, as per the latest studies. The plantar fasciitis condition occurs basically at the bottom of the foot near the heel. The primary concern for people with plantar fasciitis is extreme pain at the heel bottom which sometimes radiates to the mid-foot bottom area. The pain is usually at one foot, and sometimes it can be there at both feet. Patients suffering from plantar fasciitis also report that the pain gradually occurs over many days or weeks. It is a sharp and dull pain, which slowly exacerbates. Some patients feel burning aches at the bottom of the foot, which radiate from the heel.
- Pain-related to plantar fasciitis is usually worse during the morning hours. People start to feel it when they take their first steps getting out of bed. This may also be supposed while you walk after sitting or lying down for some time. Pain and stiffness may also occur while climbing stairs and also while hiking.
Plantar fasciitis treatment
There are many home remedies for plantar fasciitis like icing, rest, and the use of braces. Anti-inflammatory drugs are also noted to be of help in treating plantar fasciitis. If it does not help, a corticosteroid injection can be taken at the damaged ligament. Doctors’ may use ultrasound imaging to determine the best location for injecting corticosteroids. After applying corticosteroids, podiatrists may also apply a light electrical current to easily pass the steroid through the skin and enter the muscles to relax.
Selin Sakarcan also explains other treatment modalities for plantar fasciitis as physical therapy, shock wave therapy, extracorporeal shock, stretching exercises, and surgery in severe cases to get rid of this troublesome condition.